Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
The Soils in the Context of Worldwide Tropical Zones
Year:2011

Research Areas
  • Agriculture

Information
Abstract
In the traditional Pedology conception, tropical soils refer to those which have been developed in environmental and mainly climatic extreme conditions with copious precipitations and high temperatures. However, this analysis focused on soils that are formed in a tropical geographic context but their climatic conditions, through a suitable management, are advantageous to vine-growing in order to produce quality wines. With this view, bio-geographic criteria that allows us to survey the potentially important zone to the development of a specialized viticulture are established; to sum up, the analysis is restricted to those tropical regions that are not excessive rainy (< 750 mm) and warm: isotherm of 20º C in January (N) and July (S) and with an average diurnal amplitude higher than the annual one. In these limits, important regions in Sub-Saharan Africa, such as the Sahel, the Eastern zone and Southwest of Madagascar, the Northwest of India, a great deal of Australia and South America (NE of Brazil) and Central America are included. In this zone and in spite of that the pluviometry has been surveyed, the soils formation processes are really active (alteration and weathering, salts and gels and silica mobilization, hidromorphisme, vertisolization, planosoliztion etc) and the pedological variability promoted by them is very important (Entisols, Inceptisols, Vertisols, Alfisols, Untisols and locally Oxisols, Mollisols, Andisols and Aridisols ), mainly according to the rock type (lithology ) and to the landscape ( Geo-morphology ). In this context, the main soils in the tropical zone that have a vocation for viticulture are described and compared with similar and important ones in the traditional viticulture. Likewise, their limiting properties are commented and related to their management possibilities.
International
Si
JCR
No
Title
Acta Horticulturae
ISBN
0567-7572
Impact factor JCR
0
Impact info
Volume
910
Journal number
From page
63
To page
82
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Calidad de Suelos y Aplicaciones medioambientales
  • Departamento: Edafología