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Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Evolution of increased pathogenicity in a plant virus results in fitness costs affecting different life traits
Año:2013
Áreas de investigación
  • Fitopatología,
  • Virus patógenos de plantas,
  • Producción vegetal
Datos
Descripción
Despite that plant viruses are virulent crop parasites, and that resistance in crops selects for increased pathogenicity in viruses, virus evolution in crops is poorly understood, and there is no clear demonstration of plant-virus co-evolution. We have analysed the reciprocal effects of virulence and defence of viruses and plants on plant and virus fitness, and on whether they lead to co-evolution. Results derive from analyses of tobamovirus that are controlled, or overcome, different resistance alleles at the L locus bred into cultivars of pepper (Capsicum annuum) crops according to a gene-for-gene (GFG) interaction. As predicted by models of the evolution of GFG systems, data on the long-term evolution of field tobamovirus populations suggested that evolution to increased pathogenicity in response to the selection exerted by resistance would have fitness penalties. These penalties were experimentally demonstrated in experiments in which virus multiplication of isolates belonging to different pathotypes were assayed in different host genotypes either in single infection or in competition in mixed infection. Overcoming of L-gene resistance depends on amino acid substitution in the virus coat protein, and we also show that these changes affect the stability of the virions and, hence, their survival out of the host cells. Thus, resistance in the plant selects for traits in the virus population related to the plant-virus interaction, as is increased pathogenicity, and for trait unrelated to the plant-virus interaction, such as altered survival, both traits affecting virus fitness.
Internacional
No
Nombre congreso
XII Congreso Nacional de Virología
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Burgos
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
00-0000-00
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
09/06/2013
Fecha fin congreso
12/06/2013
Desde la página
59
Hasta la página
60
Título de las actas
Virología. Publicación oficial de la Sociedad Española de Virología
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Aurora Fraile Perez (UPM)
  • Autor: Jean Michel Hily (UPM)
  • Autor: Luis Fernandez Pacios (UPM)
  • Autor: Fernando Garcia-Arenal Rodriguez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Patología Vegetal
  • Grupo de Investigación: Biotecnología de Proteínas Vegetales
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología
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