Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Capítulo de libro:
Ten years of the Water Framework Directive in Spain: An overview of the ecological and chemical status of surface water bodies
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura,
  • Economía agraria
The Water Framework Directive (WFD) represents a significant departure from prior water management and planning practices in Spain. The traditional water policy, oriented towards supply augmentation to meet increasing water demands, is required to shift focus and prioritize the protection of the aquatic environment and ecological health. Despite the long hydrological planning history in Spain, little information was available on the ecological status of surface and ground waters prior to the implementation of the WFD. The requirements of the Directive have implied a significant effort for Spanish authorities to develop all biological, hydromorphological and chemical data required to determine the status of water bodies. This study provides a first national overview of the ecological, chemical and overall status of Spanish surface water bodies (rivers, lakes, transitional and coastal), identifies the most problematic areas and discusses the consistency and adequateness of the methods and indicators used across basins. To carry out the analysis, we use the status information contained in the draft or approved River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs) available at this point. Our results show that almost 50% of all surface waters in Spain are in poor status, mainly due to their poor ecological status. 43% of surface water bodies have not yet been evaluated so the information presented in the study is necessarily partial and incomplete
Edición del Libro
Editorial del Libro
CRC Press
Título del Libro
Integrated Water Resources Management in the 21st Century: Revisiting the paradigm
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Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Barbara Willaarts . (UPM)
  • Autor: M. Ballesteros
  • Autor: N. Hernández-Mora
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Economía Agraria y Gestión de los Recursos Naturales
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
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