Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Evaluating the spatial and social equity effects of road pricing in the European urban context: the Madrid Metropolitan Area.
Year:2014

Research Areas
  • Transport

Information
Abstract
The paper explores the spatial and social impacts arising from implementation of a road-pricing scheme in the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA). Our analytical focus is on understanding the effects of the scheme on the transport accessibility of different social groups within the MMA. We define an evaluation framework to appraise the accessibility of different districts within the MMA in terms of the actual and perceived cost of using the road infrastructure ?before? and ?after? the implementation of the scheme. The framework was developed using quantitative survey data and qualitative data from focus group discussions with residents. We then simulated user behaviors (mode and route choice) based on the empirical evidence from a travel demand model for the MMA. The results from our simulation model demonstrated that implementation of the toll on the orbital metropolitan motorways (M40, M30, for example) decreases accessibility most in the districts where there are no viable public transport alternatives. Our key finding is that the economic burden of the road-pricing scheme particularly affects unskilled and lower income individuals living in the south of the MMA. Consequently lower income people reduce their use of tolled roads and have to find new arrangements for these trips: i.e. switch to the public transport, spend double the time for their commuter trips or stay at home. The results of our research could be applicable more widely for anyone wishing to better understand the important relationship between increased transport cost and social equity, especially where there is an intention to introduce similar road-pricing schemes within the urban context.
International
Si
Congress
Transport Research Board 93th Annual Meeting
960
Place
Washington (EE.UU.)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
000-00-000-0000-0
Start Date
12/01/2014
End Date
16/01/2014
From page
1
To page
17
Transport Research Board 93th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers
Participants
  • Autor: Floridea Di Ciommo . UPM

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte