Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Capítulo de libro:
Lessons from 25 Years of GM Tree Field Trials in Europe and Prospects for the Future
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Biología molecular, celular y genética,
  • Biología,
  • Botánica,
  • Ingeniería biológica,
  • Ética en ciencias naturales,
  • Protección ambiental,
  • Política del medio ambiente
Datos
Descripción
It is common agronomic practice to perform a formal evaluation of the behaviour of new varieties under natural field conditions. Accordingly, shortly after the optimization of genetic engineering techniques on trees, a number of field trials were set up to assess GM trees modified for different genes. Here, we review the work that has been done in this arena in Europe over the last 25 years, and summarize what we learned from these experiments. GM tree field trials remain the exception rather than the rule in Europe. Several trials have been destroyed by anti-GMO activists and it is becoming increasingly difficult to obtain authorization for a GM tree field trial. These increasing constraints on GM tree trials within Europe are both surprising and counter-productive as we learned a lot from the past 25 years of experiments and the results were promisingly positive: (1) Phenotypic effects resulting from transgene expression in GM trees grown in the field appears to be stable, albeit variable; (2) most field studies have validated earlier observations made under greenhouse conditions, although in some cases the modification of target traits was less obvious in fluctuating field environments, and in a few cases had severe growth and developmental penalties; (3) non-target effects were consistently within the range of natural variation. Overall, the European GM tree field trials failed to exemplify any significant tangible risks. Based on this evidence, it seems appropriate that Europe should now move forward beyond small confined trials to larger scale experiments better fitted to a broader context of evaluation and environmental assessment.
Internacional
Si
DOI
10.1007/978-94-017-7531-1_4
Edición del Libro
Editorial del Libro
Springer
ISBN
978-94-017-7529-8
Serie
Título del Libro
Biosafety of Forest Transgenic Trees
Desde página
67
Hasta página
100
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: G Pilate (UR0588, Amélioration Génétique et Physiologie Forestières, Institut National de La Recherche Agronomique (INRA))
  • Autor: Isabel Marta Allona Alberich (UPM)
  • Autor: W Boerjan (Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB Belgium Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University)
  • Autor: A Déjardin (UR0588, Amélioration Génétique et Physiologie Forestières, Institut National de La Recherche Agronomique (INRA))
  • Autor: M Fladung (Thünen Institute of Forest Genetics (TI-FG))
  • Autor: F Gallardo (Dpto Biología Molecular y Bioquímica, Universidad de Málaga)
  • Autor: H Häggman (Genetics and Physiology Unit, Faculty of Science, University of Oulu)
  • Autor: S Jansson (Department of Plant Physiology, Umea Plant Science Center, Umea University)
  • Autor: R Van Acker (Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB Belgium Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University)
  • Autor: C Halpin (Division of Plant Sciences, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee at the JHI)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Biotecnología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
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