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Memorias de investigación
Capítulo de libro:
Synthesis and characterization of poly(phenylene sulphide)-grafted carbon nanotube nanocomposites
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Nanotecnología,
  • Nanopartículas,
  • Polimeros
Datos
Descripción
Poly(phenylene sulfide) (PPS) is a semicrystalline engineering thermoplastic with outstanding mechanical and thermal properties, good chemical and flame resistance, as well as easy processability, widely used in the electronics, automotive, aeronautic, and chemical industries. To further extend its structural applications, different types of fillers such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been incorporatedin this polymer. However, the direct integration of CNTs leads to nanocomposites with poor mechanical performance. An alternative approach is the chemical modification of PPS via nitration and amination reactions. The modified polymers maintain the exceptional properties of the parent PPS and simultaneously display higher hydrophilicity and a number of reactive groups capable of interacting with functionalized CNTs. Thus, an aminated derivative (PPS-NH2) has been covalently anchored onto the surface of epoxy and acid-functionalized CNTs in a one-pot process. The resulting PPS-NH2-grafted-CNT nanocomposites have been extensively characterized through different techniques to obtain information about the extent of the grafting reactions, their morphology, thermal stability, crystallization behavior, and mechanical and electrical properties, and the results are compared with those attained in nanocomposites prepared by direct reinforcement. The formation of covalent linkages at the polymer-nanotube interface enables improved CNT dispersion, facilitating the stress transfer and enhancing the thermal stability and electrical conductivity of the composites. The results herein offer useful insights into the development of proper functionalization routes and grafting approaches for enhancing the properties of thermoplastic/CNT nanocomposites.
Internacional
Si
DOI
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-45229-1_29
Edición del Libro
Editorial del Libro
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-45229-1_29#page-1
ISBN
978-3-642-45228-4
Serie
Título del Libro
Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application. Volume B: Carbon Nanotube Based Polymer Composites
Desde página
75
Hasta página
102
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Ana M. Díez-Pascual (ICTP-CSIC)
  • Autor: Mohammed Naffakh Cherradi-Hadi (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Bioingeniería y Materiales (BIO-MAT)
  • Departamento: Física Aplicada e Ingeniería de Materiales
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)