Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
How similar can co-occurring species be in the presence of competition and ecological drift?
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Aplicaciones a ciencias geológicas y biológicas,
  • Fisica cs -- sistemas complejos
Datos
Descripción
If two species live on a single resource, the one with a slight advantage will out-compete the other: complete competitors cannot coexist. This is known as the competitive exclusion principle. If no extinction occurs, it is because evolutionary adaptation to slightly different niches takes place. Therefore, it is widely accepted that ecological communities are assembled by evolutionary differentiation and progressive adaptation of species to different niches. However, some ecologists have recently challenged this classic paradigm highlighting the importance of chance and stochasticity. Using a synthetic framework for community dynamics, here we show that, while deterministic descriptors predict coexistence, species similarity is limited in a more restrictive way in the presence of stochasticity. We analyse the stochastic extinction phenomenon, showing that extinction occurs as competitive overlap increases above a certain threshold well below its deterministic counterpart. We also prove that the extinction threshold cannot be ascribed only to demographic fluctuations around small population sizes. The more restrictive limit to species similarity is, therefore, a consequence of the complex interplay between competitive interactions and ecological drift. As a practical implication, we show that the existence of a stochastic limit to similarity has important consequences in the recovery of fragmented habitats.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
Journal of the Royal Society Interface
ISSN
1742-5689
Factor de impacto JCR
3,856
Información de impacto
Volumen
12
DOI
Número de revista
Desde la página
20150604-1
Hasta la página
20150604-9
Mes
SIN MES
Ranking
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Participantes
  • Autor: Jose Angel Capitan Gomez (UPM)
  • Autor: Sara Cuenda Cuenda (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
  • Autor: David Alonso Gimenez (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Departamento: Matemática Aplicada
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