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Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Climate change adaptation and water saving by innovative irrigation management applied on open field globe artichoke
Año:2019
Áreas de investigación
  • Energía solar,
  • Generación fotovoltaica
Datos
Descripción
The setting up of innovative irrigation water management might contribute to the mitigation of negative issues related to climate change. Our hypothesis was that globe artichoke irrigated with a traditionally drip system could be converted to an innovative water management system based on precision irrigation techniques and on evaporative cooling application in order to improve crop physiological status with positive impacts on earliness, total heads yield and water saving. Over two experiments carried out at plot- and field-scale, two irrigation management systems, differing in type and application time, were compared: (i) conventional, and (ii) canopy-cooling. Plant physiological status at a weekly sampling interval and the head atrophy incidence (as the ratio of the total primary heads collected) were monitored. We also recorded and determined heads production, and yield components. In both experiments, throughout the application period of evaporative cooling (three months), canopy-cooling showed the lowest value of leaf temperature and the highest photosynthesis values compared with the conventional one (+3°C and -30%, respectively). The physiological advantage gained by the crop with evaporative cooling has led to a higher production both in terms of total yield (+30%), and in terms of harvested first order heads that from an economic viewpoint are the most profitable for farmers. At farm-scale, the canopy-cooling treatment resulted in a higher earliness (35 days) and water productivity (+36%) compared with conventional one. Our findings show that by combining evaporative cooling practice with precision irrigation technique the heads yield can be optimized also leading to a relevant water saving (-34%). Moreover, the study proved that canopy-cooling set up might be a winning strategy in order to mitigate climatic changes and heat stress conditions.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
Science of the Total Environment
ISSN
0048-9697
Factor de impacto JCR
4,61
Información de impacto
Datos JCR del año 2017
Volumen
649
DOI
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.349
Número de revista
Desde la página
461
Hasta la página
472
Mes
SIN MES
Ranking
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Participantes
  • Autor: P.A. Deliglios
  • Autor: A.P. Chergia
  • Autor: G. Sanna
  • Autor: S. Solinas
  • Autor: G. Todde
  • Autor: Luis Narvarte Fernandez (UPM)
  • Autor: L. Ledda
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Sistemas Fotovoltaicos
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Telemática y Electrónica
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Instituto de Energía Solar
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