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Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Identification of polarization cues downstream of POTENT involved in asymmetric cell division of lateral root founder cells
Áreas de investigación
  • Biología molecular, celular y genética
Plants show a postembryonic mode of development with most organs being made after embryogenesis. Root system establishment requires formation of lateral roots (LR), being the hormone auxin a key player promoting their formation. LR formation involves positioning of cells competent (prebranch sites) to form LR through oscillatory gene activiy1. Subsequently, cells within prebranch-sites are reprogrammed to become LR founder cells (FC). LR initiation starts with asymmetric cell division (ACD) of FCs to eventually give rise to the different cell lineages that make up the root23. ACD is therefore crucial to LR formation and involves polarization of FCs resulting in nuclear migration. How polarization of FCs is established is unknown. Nuclear migration involves auxin signaling and some downstream factors have been identified3. Auxin signaling involves the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of the AUXIN/INDOLE-3- ACETIC ACID (Aux/IAA) transcriptional co-regulators via proteasome3. We have identified a mutant defective in lateral root formation called potent. Potent mutation prevents degradation of an Aux/IAA factor by auxin resulting in inhibition of auxin signaling. As a consequence, over-specification of prebranch-sites and FCs along the root occur. In addition, FCs in potent divide symmetrically generating daughter cells of similar sizes and incorrect cells fates. Furthermore, these daughter cells remain blocked in development and cannot form LRs. We aim to identify polarization cues downstream of POTENT involved in ACD of FCs. For this purpose, we have generated a potent inducible line -by estradiol- and introgressed the FC marker SKP2B to monitor specification and ACD division. Our results show that potent factor dose correlates with FC specification and number of LRs. Higher assessed doses of estradiol caused all pericycle to become FC and preventing LR formation. Upon auxin treatment, FCs remained blocked in development although symmetric divisions were observed indicating that POTENT must control most polarization cues required for ACD. We have performed protoplasting followed by Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) and isolated FCs in the potent inducible line. We will perform RNA sequencing of these cells to identify polarization cues regulated by POTENT.
Nombre congreso
XXIII Meeting of the Spanish Society of Plant Physiology/XVI Spanish Portuguese Congress of Plant Physiology
Tipo de participación
Lugar del congreso
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Título de las actas
XXIII Meeting of the Spanish Society of Plant Physiology/XVI Spanish Portuguese Congress of Plant Physiology
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Estefano Bustillo Avendaño (UPM)
  • Autor: Mary Paz González García (INIA)
  • Autor: Miguel Angel Moreno Risueño (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Biotecnología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
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