Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Technological contributions to imaging radars in the millimeter-wave band
Áreas de investigación
  • Tecnología electrónica y de las comunicaciones
Recent research in the millimeter- and submillimeter-wave frequency bands has driven the maturity of its technologies to a level where integrated and commercial radiofrequency components are now readily available. Due to this development the fundamental applications of these frequency bands (like spectroscopy, radioastronomy, and wireless commnunication) have benefited from increasing performance, at a fraction of the cost. This is also the case for imaging applications, such as concealed weapon detection, which is progressively becoming a viable alternative to traditional security screenings. Nonetheless, some technological progress is still needed for security imaging in this frequency range to fully reach its potential, specially regarding critical and diverse areas such as component cost, power consumption, imaging speed, or privacy concerns. The main goal of this Ph.D. thesis can be found within this framework, and it is to develop those technological improvements and solutions necessary to enhance the performance of security imaging radars in the millimeter- and submillimeter-wave bands. This objective has been accomplished in two particular radar systems: an active imager at 300 GHz (developed previously to the start of this thesis), and a hybrid system using active and passive sensors at 122 GHz and 94 GHz, respectively. Throughout the development, a special emphasis is placed on achieving the desired results with the use of commercially-available components, in an effort to truly provide a viable alternative. Although both systems are meant for security screening purposes, their radiofrequency and processing architectures present various differences according to their operational requirements. In addition to their security-related function, both systems have also been employed in other applications, such as vital sign monitoring. The thesis has been entirely carried out at the Grupo de Microondas y Radar of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, and is divided into two main parts. The first half deals with the improvements made to the 300 GHz imaging system, including a real-time signal and image processing architecture and the initial tests of a multistatic configuration. The second half is focused on the development of the hybrid imager at 122 GHz and 94 GHz, detailing individual sensor characterizations, simultaneous performance, and an image fusion technique to present the captured data. In each section, pending improvement actions are also studied and described for future research and work.
Tipo de Tesis
Sobresaliente cum laude
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Federico Antonio Garcia Rial (UPM)
  • Director: Jesus Grajal De la Fuente (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Microondas y Radar
  • Departamento: Señales, Sistemas y Radiocomunicaciones
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de I+d+i en Procesado de la Información y Telecomunicaciones
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