Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Valuing goods and services multi-production in a Mediterranean mountain range landscape

Research Areas
  • Agriculture

The private state ¿Cabeza de Hierro¿ (Rascafría, Madrid, España) is a singular and interesting example of the state of art for Spanish forest management. The forest covers about 1,900 ha at the Spanish Central Range, with Scots pine as main species, though mixed with Pyrenean oak on lower elevations. The private ownership has been harvesting pine timber since acquisition in 1840, combining harvest with the processing in its own sawmill. Since the first Management plan in 1957, mean annual timber harvest has been 3 m3 ha-1 yr-1. Beside direct productions like timber, fuel wood, big game, pasture or mushrooms, the high socio-economic importance of the forest is based on more services and externalities like recreational use, biodiversity and conservation, landscape scenery or as CO2 sink. The forest also fulfils some scientific and educational functions with several on-going research projects on natural regeneration, stand structure, wildlife habitat, forest inventory methodologies, externalities valuation, etc. The applied management techniques have been very successful for accomplish a sustainable forest management that integrate the private interest of the owner, the local use by neighbour villagers and the externalities. Especially remarkable is the presence and even increase of the black vulture colony, the most important in Central Spain, that is not handicapped, but favoured by the stand and habitat structure produced by the intensive timber yield. Several methodological approaches have been employed to evaluate the economic value of diverse productions. The economic value estimations of goods and services have been the following: value of stand improvement and conservation costs; timber production, soil conservation, recreation use and presence of black vulture in the state. Valuatiation of the recreational use (more than 15,600 visitors per year, due to the close big city of Madrid) and the conservation service of the presence of black vulture have been studied through questionnaires. The contingence valuation was used at the evaluation of ecological services. The analytical methodology was used to value the good productions. Results show the higher economic value of the conservation services of the state, comparing them to the timber or other direct good productions, which should be considered in management plans or in policy or management decision making.
EFI Scientific Seminar. Adaptation of Forest Landscape to Environmental Changes
Orvieto (Italia)
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EFI Scientific Seminars

Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ecología y Gestión Forestal Sostenible
  • Departamento: Economía y Gestión Forestal
  • Departamento: Silvopascicultura
  • Grupo de Investigación: Tecnologías y Métodos para la Gestión Sostenible